Protect Your Vision
Eye diseases can cause permanent damage to your eyesight and can develop for a long time without showing any symptoms. Unfortunately, this means that often it can be nearly impossible for you alone to detect eye diseases.
This is why it’s critical to receive regular comprehensive eye exams. At Empress Eye Clinic, we will always do everything we can to check for potential signs before your symptoms become anything serious.
Symptoms to Watch For
If you experience any of the following symptoms, please come in to see us:
- Eye pain in or around the eye
- Changes in your vision, including blurred vision or double vision
- Seeing flashes of light or halos around lights
- Unusual sensitivity to light or glare
- Eye redness
- Changes in the colour of the eye
- Itching, burning, or a heavy discharge in the eyes
Common Eye Diseases & Conditions
Eye diseases can develop from a variety of factors and can present a range of symptoms. The following eye conditions are some of the most common causes of vision loss and damage:
Diabetic retinopathy is a common eye disease found in people who have diabetes. An increase in blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, causing vision impairment and loss.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease that affects the macula, which is crucial for clear central vision. If AMD is left untreated, it can result in blurred vision or sight loss.
Macular degeneration is a degenerative eye disease that affects the central retina (the macula) and damages the macula’s cells, causing deterioration of central vision.
-Genetics that could present at a younger age (for example, Stargardt)
-Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) usually occurs in patients over 50 years and increases with aging.
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration
- Blurred vision
- Distorted vision
- A black patch in the centre of the vision
- Difficulty reading
Diagnosis of Macular Degeneration
- Retinal examination
- Ocular coherence tomography (OCT)
- Genetic Test
Types of Macular Degeneration
Dry Macular Degeneration
Dry macular degeneration usually progresses slowly over time. Unfortunately, there is no proven treatment yet; a new laser, the 2RT laser, has shown promising results, but further studies are needed.
Dry macular degeneration increases the risk of developing wet macular degeneration. Regular monitoring with the Amsler grid is needed.
Wet Macular Degeneration
Wet macular degeneration is more aggressive. It is caused by an abnormal blood vessel that grows into the retina, causing swelling and scarring of the macula and can cause rapid, irreversible loss of central vision. Fortunately, it can be treated with Anti VEGF (anti-vascular endothelial growth factor) agent injection into the eye to reduce the progression.
Prevention of Macular Degeneration
It is possible to reduce the risk of losing sight from macular degeneration by having a regular eye exam and adopting a healthy lifestyle.
A healthy diet rich in green leafy and other brightly coloured vegetables, fish and nuts is recommended.
AREDS and AREDS 2 trials have shown the benefits of antioxidants and other supplements in reducing the rate of deterioration of dry macular degeneration in certain types of moderate to severe dry macular degeneration.
Glaucoma is also known as the silent thief of sight,
It is a group of conditions that cause the optic disc excavation and results in peripheral vision loss, tunnel vision, or vision loss.
Risk factors for glaucoma
-over 50 years of age:
-Elevated intraocular pressure: The most important risk factor in glaucoma is the elevation of the intraocular pressure (pressure inside the eye). The normal range of pressure is between 10 and 21 mmHg. Most patients with glaucoma have pressure readings greater than 21mmHg.
-Other eye conditions, including cataracts, injuries or surgery
-Prolonged use of corticosteroids (eye drops, pills, inhalers, creams)
-Conditions that affect or are related to blood flow, including migraine, diabetes, blood pressure
-Corneal thickness less than 500 microns
Types of glaucoma
– Open angle glaucoma
-Narrow angle glaucoma
– Closed angel glaucoma
– Pigmentary glaucoma
– Congenital glaucoma
– Uveitic glaucoma
-Normal tension glaucoma
– Neovascular glaucoma
Tests for glaucoma
At Empress Eye Clinic, as part of our advanced routine eye examination, we incorporate cutting-edge technology such as retinal image, screening OCT scan, screening visual field test, biomicroscope, and intraocular pressure test to diagnose and manage glaucoma in its early stage.
When needed, we use gonioscopy, pachymetry, detailed OCT and Visual Field tests to monitor and manage the condition.
Treatment for glaucoma
Depending on its type and stage, the treatment of glaucoma could range from different kinds of eye drops, surgery, SLT (Selected Taser Trabeculectomy), Shunt, etc.
Cataracts are a common eye condition that affects the lens of your eye. Cataracts cause a gradual clouding of the lens. Although difficult to prevent, your optometrist may offer treatments such as contact lenses or laser eye surgery.
Get the Help You Need
Eye exams are a critical component of preventing, slowing, and managing eye diseases and conditions. During an eye exam, your optometrist performs multiple tests to help spot initial signs of these diseases and help you treat them before they progress.
If you are experiencing any vision symptoms or have any questions about your vision health, please book an appointment today!
Empress Eye Clinic is easily accessed by transit by the Yonge-University Subway, or by vehicle from Hwy 401. We’re located in Empress Walk Mall.
Hours of Operation
- Monday: 10:00 AM – 7:00 PM
- Tuesday: 11:00 AM – 7:00 PM
- Wednesday: 10:00 AM – 7:00 PM
- Thursday: 10:00 AM – 7:00 PM
- Friday: 10:00 AM – 7:00 PM
- Saturday: 11:00 AM – 5:00 PM
- Sunday: Closed
Ask Us About Direct Insurance Billing
I’ve never had an eye appointment before so I didn’t know what to expect. The staff was absolutely wonderful! Dr Heshmati was so kind and thorough and knowledgeable…he explained everything he was going to do so well and helped me with my prescription.
I had help from a wonderful lady whose name I didn’t catch…she helped me pick out the perfect frames for my new glasses and was so patient and helpful.
The staff was so friendly and approachable. I had a great experience and I highly recommend this clinic to anyone needing their eyes checked!
Best place to go to if you’re having your first contact lenses eye exam
The receptionist (Ms. Emma & Ms. Sam rat) are really nice and polite, helped with keeping my things safe and measuring my eyes!
Dr. Heshmati is really great too, before I was using glasses and he tested me with my glasses and apparently my glasses had the wrong prescription so I couldn’t see well with them. He even gave me a great discount offer I couldn’t refuse when buying contacts with them!
The helper (Ms. Sara) is so helpful as well and has such a positive attitude as well and super friendly too. She even assisted me with putting on contact lenses and taking them off as well.
Overall, I enjoyed my visit and I’m “empressed” with my visit here. Keep up the great work!